Flashcards - Art Appreciation (2022)

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  1. Giovanni Arnolfini and His bride

    Jan Van Eyck

  2. The Merode Altarpiece

    Robert Campin

  3. Alberti

    Italian Renaissance

  4. ___________ is a French word meaning “rebirth.”

    Renaissance

  5. The Early Renaissance artist is considered the “Father of the Early Modern Period” because of his introduction of naturalism into his art.

    Giotto

  6. Dürer’s Adam and Eve conveys his admiration for the _______ style.

    classical

    1. The _________________ was characterized by a renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman art and design and included an emphasis on human beings, their environment, science, and philosophy.

    Renaissance

  7. The Early Italian Renaissance took root and flourished most successfully in the city of _______.

    Florence

    1. True or False: One of the main social beliefs of the Renaissance is the ability to separate intellectual inquiry from matters of faith--the ability to be a good Christian and also study the pagan classics.

    True

  8. Brunelleschi was one of the pioneers in the development of a system to create the illusion
    of three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface, a system called linear _______.

    perspective

  9. Leonardo’s Madonna of the Rocks portrays a Mary who is __________.

    "human" and "real"

  10. The School of Athens

    Raphael

  11. During the latter years of the fifteenth century in Italy, a painter who used the model
    Simonetta Vespucci for his Venus is ______.

    Botticelli

  12. Dissatisfaction with the leadership and policies of the Roman Catholic Church led to the Protestant Reformation. In response, the Catholic Church initiated the ___________.

    Counter-Reformation

  13. ___________ was a style that rejected the calm balance and contained art of the High Renaissance
    in favor of emotion and distortion.

    Mannerism

  14. Peter Paul Rubens

    Flanders

  15. Diego Velázquez

    (Video) art app lesson 1 midterm part 1

    Spain

  16. Gianlorenzo Bernini

    Italy

  17. Rembrandt

    Holland

  18. Spans roughly the years from 1600 to 1750

    Baroque

  19. ___________ is the element that is probably the unifying theme of the formal changes in the transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque.

    Space

  20. T or F: Among the general characteristics of Baroque art are a sense of movement, energy, and tension (whether real or implied).

    True

  21. ________ spirituality is often present in works of baroque art; in the Roman Catholic countries, for example, scenes of ecstasies, martyrdoms, or miraculous apparitions are not common.

    Restraint

  22. _________'s David is a perfect example of Baroque style: which combines space, a sense of movement, energy, tension and theatrical spirituality.

    Bernini

  23. The artist __________’s unidealized figures and naturalistic treatment of subject matter influenced many later artists throughout Europe, and changed the manner painting was executed.

    Carvaggio

  24. Italian Baroque artist who acquired a lengthy police record for such things as attacking a man with a sword, carrying weapons without a permit, and breaking windows was ________

    Caravaggio

  25. Among the foremost painters of the Italian Baroque was Artemisia _________, the daughter of a successful
    Roman artist.

    Gentileschi

  26. Peter Paul ___________, a much sought-after painter, was also an ambassador and diplomat.

    Rubens

  27. The Spanish Baroque artist Diego __________ is considered the
    “painters’ painter”

    Velasquez

  28. When considering modernity and modern art the key component to this movement began as a direct outgrowth and reflection of the ___________.

    Industrial Revolution

  29. David

    Neoclassicism

  30. The painting The Oath of the Horatii by Jacques-Louis_____________________ depicts the Neoclassical elements of heroism, idealism,rationality, truth, reason, and logic.

    David

  31. The Neoclassical Period is also thought of as the Age of _____________.

    Enlightenment

  32. The return to the classical style of the Neoclassical period wasbased upon the excavations of ___________________ which began in 1748.

    Pompeii and Herculaneum

  33. Romanticism believed in the notion that ______________, and theyalso valued sincere feeling and honest emotions.

    Feeling is All

    (Video) Art Appreciation Week 6: 15th & 16th Century Art of Europe - Art of Europe - Flashcards

  34. Delacroix

    Romanticism

  35. Eugène Delacroix’s painting __________________________________, probably best exemplifies the common notion of romantic art.

    Death of Sardanapalus

  36. The invention of __________________ shortly before themid-century was a significant milestone, as it altered the public perceptionsof “reality.”

    Photography

  37. The painting The Artist's Studio by Gustave________________________ epitomizes the style of realism.

    Courbet

  38. The first woman artist to receive the Légion d’Honneur (1865)

    Rosa Bonheur

  39. Monet

    Impressionism

  40. Seurat

    Post Impressionism

  41. Gogh

    Post Impressionism

  42. Cassatt

    American

  43. Cézanne

    French

  44. T or F: Modern artists wanted to depict the modern world and modernpeople of their day.

    True

  45. Edouard __________________________ borrowed the composition for his painting Luncheon on the Grass from Raimondi’s engraving The Judgment of Paris.

    Manet

  46. James McNeill Whistler’s portrait painting of his mother is titled _________________________________.

    Arrangement in Grey and Black: Portrait of the Artist's Mother

  47. The term Impressionism was derived from Claude_______________________’s painting Impression: Sunrise.

    Monet

  48. ________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centurystyle of art characterized by the attempt to capture the fleeting effects of light by means of painting in short strokes of pure color.

    Impressionism

  49. ________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centuryart style that relies on the gains made by Impressionists in terms of the useof color and spontaneous brushwork, but which uses these elements as expressivedevices.

    Post-Impressionism

  50. ____________________________ is a modern school of art in whichan emotional impact is achieved through agitated brushwork, intense coloration,and violent, hallucinatory imagery.

    Expressionism

  51. Vincent Van Gogh’spainting Starry Night is an excellent example of ______________________.

    Post-Impressionism

  52. The Blue Rider (Der Blaue Reiter) A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism

    B

  53. The author of "Concerning the Spiritual in Art" was _________________________. "

    Kandisky

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  54. "Wild Beasts" A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism

    A

  55. What set the ________________________ apart from their nineteenth-century predecessors was their use of harsh, non-descriptive unnatural color, bold liner patterning, and a distorted form of perspective.

    Fauves

  56. The Bridge Group (Die Brücke) A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism

    B

  57. Strong influence of African, Oceanic, and Iberian art A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism

    C

  58. ________________________ is a group of artists that wanted to break up the image into geometric elements, and to have multiple viewpoints with no perspective, in other words to deconstruct objects.

    Cubism

  59. Picasso’s Les Demoiselle’s d’Avignon is an excellent example of _________________.

    Cubism

  60. When Braque and Picasso began pasting bits of printed matter or other things in their Cubist paintings, they called the process papier collé, what we now call ________________.

    collage

  61. Duchamp A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism

    B

  62. ______________________ can be thought of in terms of a diverse level of creativity formed from movement, energy, destruction and mass confusion, which also used anarchist and fascist tendencies. A. Fauves B. Expressionism C. Cubism D. Futurism

    D

  63. The painting The Persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism

    C

  64. The ready-made A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism

    B

  65. Intense interest in the reality of the dream state A. Constructivism B. Dada C. Surrealism

    C

  66. The __________________________ Show brought Modern Art to the American public.

    Armory

  67. One of Picasso's most powerful works of protest is a painting he did in 1937 to broadcast to the world the brutality of the German bombing of the Basque town of _________________________.

    Guernica

  68. One of the 1st modern artists to achieve total abstraction in sculpture was A. Duchamp B. Brancusi C. Kandinsky

    B

  69. Post World War II European artists could NOT move away from death: burning, disfigured, and decaying flesh—as seen in _____________’s Head Surrounded by Sides of Beef. However American artists turned inward and reflected an inner world—in other words the extension of the artist—how the artist feels—as seen in Jackson Pollock’s One (Number 31, 1950) 1950.

    Francis Bacon

  70. Walked across canvases dripping and splashing paint A. Gorky B. Hofmann C. Pollock D. De Kooning E. Krasner

    C. Pollock

  71. 3. ___________’s painting One (Number 31, 1950) is an example of Abstract Expressionism, which is also termed action painting.

    Jackson Pollocks

  72. ________________________ is characterized by spontaneous execution, large gestural brushstrokes, abstract imagery, and fields of intense color. A. Spontaneous Combustion B. Abstract Expressionism C. Intense Colorism

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    B.

  73. Color Field Painting can be considered as depicting the __________ of color

    essence

  74. Mark _____________’s Blue, Orange, Red is an example of Color Field Painting. A. Rothko B. Bacon C. Hamilton D. Rauschenberg E. Johns F. Warhol

    A. Rothko

  75. To combat a trend of male-dominated art shows in major museums and galleries, appeared in public in masks as "conscience of the art world" and mounted huge posters of protest. A. Kruger B. Mendieta C. Snyder D. Guerrilla Girls

    D. Guerilla Girls

  76. British, one of the originators of Pop art. A. Neel B. Bacon C. Hamilton D. Rauschenberg E. Johns F. Warhol

    Hamilton

  77. __________ introduced a kind of construction referred to as combine painting in which stuffed animals, bottles, articles of clothing and furniture, and scraps of photographs are attached to the canvas.

    Robert Rauschenberg

  78. Pop Art can also be coined as the art that embodies A. The Enlightenment B. Consumer culture C. Expressionists D. Guerrilla Girls

    B.

  79. An excellent example of Pop Art is Andy ________’s Green Coca-Cola Bottles.

    Warhol

  80. Modernist art emphasizes the accord and autonomous aspect of an artist and a work of art, whereas __________________ art emphasizes the fusion of the work of art and its intricate interconnectedness to its milieu. A. Neo-Expressionist B. Post-Modernist C. Post-Fusionist

    B.

  81. T or F: Pluralism in the arts is the inclusion of not just a white, male master, rather exploring and embracing women artists, artists of color, non-western art, and folk art.

    True

  82. As we consider works of art in the 21st century, we will add to our critical rubric concepts such as: a. hybridity. b. all of these choices. c. high art and low culture. d. appropriation. e. post-colonialism.

    B. All choices

  83. An artist whose work embraces the concept of hybridity includes: a. Vik Muniz. b. Takashi Murakami. c. Jeff Koons. d. Hew Locke.

    B. takashi murakami

  84. _________, like Andy Warhol, questions the separation of high art and low culture in his manipulation of ordinary, familiar (and cheaply produced) objects, as seen in his work Elephant.

    Jeff Koons

  85. ________'s diamond-encrusted skull fits with the artist's penchant for anatomy and sensation.a. Alexandre Arrechea b. Miguel Luciano c. Enrique Chagoya d. Jean Desert e. Damien Hirst

    Damien Hirst

  86. Sarah Lucas' The Fag Show was inspired by the artist's conquest of her addiction to: a. all of these choices. b. alcohol. c. drugs and alcohol. d. drugs. e. tobacco.

    e. tobacco

  87. In recent years, Anselm Kiefer has turned his attention to monumental sculptures, such as: a. Camouflage Church. b. Still from Passage. c. For the Love of God. d. Sonnenschiff. e. Self-Pieta.

    D.

  88. Shirin Neshat’s film Passage was commissioned by the world composer ________. a. Subodh Gupta b. Zaha Hadid c. Emily Jacir d. Philip Glass e. Adi Nes

    D.

  89. Among the 21st century women architects to become infamous includes:a. Shirin Neshat. b. Emily Jacir. c. Zaha Hadid. d. Sarah Lucas. e. Prajakta Palav Aher.

    C

  90. As an African American woman artist, __________ has experienced much of her life in terms of black and white, and produces much of her art in this dichotomous palette, such as her work Insurrection! (Our Tools Were Rudimentary, Yet We Pressed On), which recounts some grisly events taken from the history of slavery in the United States.

    Kara Walker

  91. T or F: Artists throughout the world today, are more than ever, influenced by their knowledge of what is happening in the political world at large, and by their awareness of the art world all around them—past and present.

    True

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The Early Renaissance artist is considered the “Father of the Early Modern Period” because of his introduction of naturalism into his art.. The artist __________’s unidealized figures and naturalistic treatment of subject matter influenced many later artists throughout Europe, and changed the manner painting was executed.. (Video) Art Appreciation Week 6: 15th & 16th Century Art of Europe - Art of Europe - Flashcards. ________________________________ is a late nineteenth-centurystyle of art characterized by the attempt to capture the fleeting effects of light by means of painting in short strokes of pure color.. However American artists turned inward and reflected an inner world—in other words the extension of the artist—how the artist feels—as seen in Jackson Pollock’s One (Number 31, 1950) 1950.. ___________’s painting One (Number 31, 1950) is an example of Abstract Expressionism, which is also termed action painting.. To combat a trend of male-dominated art shows in major museums and galleries, appeared in public in masks as "conscience of the art world" and mounted huge posters of protest.. Pop Art can also be coined as the art that embodies A.. Modernist art emphasizes the accord and autonomous aspect of an artist and a work of art, whereas __________________ art emphasizes the fusion of the work of art and its intricate interconnectedness to its milieu.. T or F: Pluralism in the arts is the inclusion of not just a white, male master, rather exploring and embracing women artists, artists of color, non-western art, and folk art.. As an African American woman artist, __________ has experienced much of her life in terms of black and white, and produces much of her art in this dichotomous palette, such as her work Insurrection!. T or F: Artists throughout the world today, are more than ever, influenced by their knowledge of what is happening in the political world at large, and by their awareness of the art world all around them—past and present.

a. representational art. In a work of art "content" refers to the:. Salvador Dali's The Persistence of Memory provides the viewer with the illusion of the 3-dimensional world on a 2-dimensional surface in the style of:. c. Vanitas paintings. Many kinetic works of art utilize movement to create what type of line?. When a style of line becomes associated as an artist's work, we say it is:. A picture drawn in perspective that employs a single point of vision is called:. The surface of a painting or drawing is called:. The range of colors that an artist tends to favor in painting is referred to as the artist's:. c. process of painting. This style of art is called:. _____ is a term that describes an artist's attempt to draw our eyes to one area of a composition.. This type of drawing is called:. This process was called:

Carolingian Architecture Architectural style which is very similar to the Roman early Christian style and which was used during the earliest part of the middle ages after the end of the Roman era.. It makes use of Roman vaulted ceilings and a latin cross floor plan.. It adds a cross nave to the traditional basilica plan making it shaped like a Christian cross/. Curved side aisle extending around and behind the altar of a basilica church connecting the north and south side aisles into one continuous aisle.. The north and south ends of the cross nave of a latin cross basilica church. Bell tower located at the crossing of the naves of a Latin basilica church. Gothic stytle Architectural style of the late middle ages characterized by pointed gothic arches, large stained glass windows and flying buttress construction. Renaissance. Giotto gives us the first hint of the renaissance style during the late middle ages, reviving a hint of perspective and solid 3D forms in his painting.. Brunelleschi creates the model for future Renaissance churches in his ____________ built for the Medici family.. Donatello revives large scaled Roman figurative sculpture in the statues of _________ and __________ (Bell Tower).. The use of the Roman Triumphal Arch as a motif is revived by Brunelleschi in the porch of the _______.. Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, and Titian

Definition dotted lines Term 2d Form.. Definition The Rave & the First Men by Bill Reid Term Shape we detach & focus on Definition Figure/Positive space Term Surrounding visual information that figure stands out from Definition Ground/Negative Space Term What Implied Geometric shape is seen in Raphael's Madonna of the Meadows?. DefinitionTerm relative light/dark DefinitionTerm light/dark Definition chiaroscuro Term closely spaced parallel lines in a work Definition hatching Term additional sets of closely spaced parallel lines going perpendicularly ontop of the first set Definition cross-hatching Term dotting to average out through optical mixing into values Definition stippling Term What technique does White use in Untitled?. Definition cross-hatching Term red yellow blue Definition primary colors Term orange green violet Definition secondary colors Term Products of primary and secondary colors.. Definition analagous Term Three equidistant colors on the color wheel.. Definition simultaneous contrast Term Optical effect (staring a black and white image, then looking at a blank wall) Definition afterimage Term When the eye mixes two adjacent colors together.. Definition implied texture Term Any decorative, repetitive motif/design Definition patttern Term What type of texture is used in Dufy's Regatta at Cowes?. Definition foreshortening Term What term is associated with both Baldung's The Groom and the Witch and Durer's Draftsman Drawing a Reclining nude?. Definition Southern Cross Term Organization of lines, shapes, colors in 2d Definition composition Term Organization of lines, shape, colors in 2 or 3d.. Definition Mondrion Term This work shows optical color mix and pointillism.. Definition Sunday by Seurat Term What work has a visual/implied illusion?. Definition Maharana by Mewar Term What work uses linear perspective?. Definition Sulay's Seige of Belgrade Term This work uses conceptual unity Definition Messager's Mes Voeux Term This work uses a focal point with the dark skin of the man contrasting against the pale background.. Definition square and circle Term What term is used to describe Girl Before a Mirror by da Vinci?. Definition Vanitas Term Two works that use symmetrical balance.

Oil paint can also be applied directly, without creating transparent layers, in a technique called ALLA PRIMA. Applying manylayers of transparent paint (called GLAZES), to create luminouscolors.. Lithography is extremely versatile and can produce a very wide range of marks, from fine lines and flat areas of color, and marks that closely resemble drawings and paintings (because they are produced by drawing or painting onto the stone).. TEXTILES as an art medium (aka, “textile art” or “fiber arts”), refers to the use of textiles (felt, fibers, fabrics), and their related processes (sewing, quilting, knitting, etc.. MOSAIC images are created by using small pieces of colored glass, shell,ceramic, or stone that are pressed into a wet mortar that had been applied to asurface, typically an architectural surface such as a wall orceiling.. CAST objects are made by:. first creating a model, surrounding it with a MOLD, removing the model,then filling (casting) themold with another materialto make a final product (called a CAST) that is acopy of the original.. Objects found inthe world rather than ones made by the artist made into art.

a carved panel where the figures project with a great deal of depth from the background. Kallikrates, Temple of Athena Nike, 427–424 BCE. a burial mound containing Buddha’s remains. Great Stupa, third century BCE. symbolic hand gesture used in Buddhist art to help communicate meaning (30 diff symbols to represent buddha). “Way of the Tea,” Japanese word for the traditional tea ceremony. traditional Japanese religion, emphasizes the ways natural elements (sun, water, trees) are connected to personal well-being, reveres nature itself as a deity. traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred

questionAny printmaking technique in which lines and areas to be inked are recessed below the printing plate surface.. questionAn extremely thick application of oil paint. questionA painting technique in which pigments are applied to a damp plaster surface.. questionRosalba Carriera, creator of Portrait of Girl with a Bussola, was a popular eighteenth-century artist whose medium of choice offered rich colors and a smooth surface.. questionWhich term is used to describe drawings that record the appearance of things that we see?. questionThe original meaning of the term ______________ is a type of preparatory drawing that is a full-sized drawing made as a guide for a larger work in another medium.. answerIt parallels the story's clear narrative. questionA very thin, transparent film of color painted over an already-painted surface is called:. questionLithography is a surface or _______ printing process.. questionAt various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image.. questionThe fraction that appears in the center of a print below the image is referred to as the _______. questionWhich of the following is a type of stencil printing?

Ostensibly, China did the breaking.For years, China was home base for most of the world's recycling, importing two-thirds of global plastic waste in 2016.. But what happens to the 87 millions of tons of materials we recycle in the U.S. every year?. The site aims to recycle as much as possible, however, a small amount of the waste that is taken there cannot be recycled - some of this waste goes to a landfill site.. Your recycling bin collection from your home is only the beginning of a long recycling journey.. Mixed recyclables are collected by your District or Borough council before being taken to the Materials Recycling Facility (MRF) at Great Blakenham, operated by Viridor.. What Happens to your Recycling.. With a few exceptions, all recyclables collected in Mole Valley are processed at the Grundon Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) at Leatherhead.. So ultimately, it would be a terrible business model for a waste management company to pick up your recyclables and simply dump them in a landfill.. This is not to say that everything you put in your recycling bin actually does get recycled.. Recycled aggregates reduce the need for primary aggregates and also reduce the environmental impact of building work.. Before being made into new products, recyclables go to the Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) for sorting, baling, and shipment.. how to make fake rocks with concrete full automatic control 25m3 h ready mix concrete plant hzs180 construction china batching of concrete topics for making assignment machine hot sale. Recycling concrete helps reduce construction waste and extend the life of landfills as well as saving builders disposal or tipping fees.. It also reduces transportation costs because concrete can often be recycled in areas near the demolition or construction site.

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